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Tree Spade for Tractor Loader: Types, Components, Working Principle, and Applications - Bonovo


Tree spades are essential tools used in landscaping and construction industries for transplanting trees. They are specifically designed to efficiently and safely dig out trees from one location and transplant them to another.

Tree Spade for Tractor Loader

I. Types of Tree Spades:

1. Hydraulic Tree Spades: These tree spades are powered by hydraulic systems and are commonly used in large-scale landscaping projects. They offer precise control and are capable of transplanting trees of various sizes.

2. Mechanical Tree Spades: Mechanical tree spades are operated manually or with the help of a tractor's power take-off (PTO). They are suitable for smaller-scale projects and are more cost-effective compared to hydraulic tree spades.


II. Components of Tree Spades:

1. Blade: The blade is the main component of a tree spade and is responsible for digging around the tree's root ball. It is typically made of strong and durable steel to withstand the digging force.

2. Frame: The frame provides structural support to the tree spade and holds the blade in place. It is designed to withstand heavy loads and ensure stability during the digging and transplanting process.

3. Hydraulic System: Hydraulic tree spades are equipped with a hydraulic system that powers the digging and lifting mechanisms. The system consists of hydraulic cylinders, hoses, and a control valve that allows operators to control the digging depth and lifting speed.

4. Controls: Tree spades come with controls that enable operators to operate the hydraulic system efficiently. These controls may include joysticks, buttons, or levers that allow precise control over the digging and lifting functions.


III. Working Principle of Tree Spades:

1. Digging: The first step in using a tree spade is to position it near the tree to be transplanted. The blade is then inserted into the ground, and the hydraulic system is activated to dig around the root ball. The operator can control the depth and width of the dig to ensure the entire root system is safely excavated.

2. Lifting: Once the root ball is fully excavated, the tree spade's hydraulic system is used to lift the tree out of the ground. The controls allow operators to adjust the lifting speed and angle to prevent damage to the tree or its root system.

3. Transplanting: After lifting the tree, it is transported to its new location using the tractor loader. The tree spade is then lowered into a pre-dug hole, and the hydraulic system is used to carefully lower the tree into place. The operator can make any necessary adjustments to ensure proper alignment and stability.


IV. Applications of Tree Spades:

Tree spades have a wide range of applications in landscaping, construction, and urban development projects. Some common applications include:

1. Landscaping: Tree spades are commonly used in landscaping projects to transplant trees from nurseries or other locations into parks, gardens, or residential areas. They allow for efficient tree transplantation without causing significant damage to the root system.

2. Road Construction: In road construction projects, tree spades are used to relocate trees that may obstruct the construction process. This helps preserve mature trees and maintain the aesthetics of the surrounding environment.

3. Urban Development: Tree spades play a crucial role in urban development projects where existing trees need to be relocated to accommodate new infrastructure or construction. This ensures that valuable trees are not unnecessarily removed but instead transplanted to suitable locations.


Tree spades for tractor loaders are versatile tools that facilitate efficient and safe tree transplantation. They come in various types and sizes, each designed to meet specific project requirements. Whether it's landscaping, road construction, or urban development, tree spades offer an effective solution for relocating trees while preserving their health and integrity. By understanding their components, working principles, and applications, professionals can make informed decisions when choosing the right tree spade for their projects.